In Tongan cultural context, the complexities of our worldviews and ontologies are built on a collective orientation made up of tauhi vā or reciprocal relationships with our people, connected to the fonua (land), genealogies and the entire cosmos. It is hard for us to talanoa well-being of Pacific peoples, especially when we are already overrepresented in health, educational research and statistics. This well-being question in itself is conceptually rooted in Western thought and has to be rethought to be meaningful in Tongan life. The Tongan ideas of wellbeing opposes the ideologies that rest on the individual as a separate being detached with no connections to the aspirations and goals of nofo ‘a kāinga. The tensions embedded in our Tongan sense of identity are inconsistent with conventional Western values and goals. In order to unpack the Tongan ideas of holistic well-being in a clearer view, it is essential that we use the Kāinga Ako conceptual thinking within the praxis of Akoteu Kato Kakala.
- Effective Pacific pedagogies.
- Identities, languages and cultures.